Glyphosate Damages Blood-Testis Barrier and Causes Poor Quality Sperm

Posted on Jan 13 2022 - 12:16am by Sustainable Pulse

Glyphosate causes blood-testis barrier damage and low quality sperm via a destructive process called oxidative stress, shows a new study in rats and rat testicular cells. The study, conducted over 4 months, suggests that medium- to long-term exposure to glyphosate is a potential risk for male reproductive health, GMWatch recently reported.

Source: GMWatch By Claire Robinson

Only pure glyphosate was tested in this experiment – there is no comparison with the formulated herbicides as sold and used, even though these have been found to be more toxic in many studies.

Both low and high doses of glyphosate were administered (see exact dosage details in the “Acceptable daily intake level found unsafe” section below).

Results in rats

Glyphosate was found to be present in the blood and testis of both dose groups and affected testicular function. Sperm concentration and movement declined in animals exposed to glyphosate. Abnormal sperm were drastically increased in both dose groups and the main manifestations of defective sperms were acephalia (head deletion), no tail, coiled tail, no-hook head, and double tails.

In sum, the study found that glyphosate exposure results in decreased quality and quantity of sperm.

How sperm is damaged by glyphosate

In experiments using cells directly derived from rat testis (Sertoli cells), the researchers found that the glyphosate-induced sperm damage was probably due to the disruption that the chemical causes to the blood-testis barrier. This disruption was found to be caused by the destructive process known as oxidative stress. The authors present evidence that the oxidative stress was caused by glyphosate increasing the activity of an enzyme, NOX1, which is able to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are highly damaging to tissues.

Glyphosate Box

Glyphosate Residue Free Certification for Food Brands – Click Here

Test Your Food and Water at Home for Glyphosate – Click Here

Test Your Hair for Glyphosate and other Pesticides – Click Here to Find Our Your Long-Term Exposure

The mechanism by which glyphosate increases NOX1 activity appears to be two-fold: first, glyphosate increases the levels of estrogen receptors, as well as directly activating them; and second, this glyphosate-induced increased estrogen receptor activity stimulates expression of the NOX1 gene and enzyme. The resulting higher NOX1 activity generated increased levels of ROS and oxidative stress.

Acceptable daily intake level found unsafe

The low dose of glyphosate tested, of 2 mg per kg of bodyweight per day (mg/kg bw/d), is close to the  acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 1.75 mg/kg bw/d assigned by the US Environmental Protection Agency. This is the dose that the agency deems to be safe to ingest on a daily basis over the long term.

The high dose tested, 50 mg/kg bw/d, while not environmentally relevant, is relevant to regulation of glyphosate because it is only 1/20th of the no-observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of the 1000 mg/kg bw/d established in rats for reproductive toxicity in industry tests, as the authors state. NOAELs are different for different endpoints, e.g. carcinogenicity, reproductive toxicity, etc. The ADI is then worked out, based on the NOAEL.

The researchers on the new study found adverse reproductive effects at the NOAEL. Based on this finding, the obvious conclusion is (though the researchers do not state as much) that the EPA’s ADI is incorrect — it should be lowered.

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars
(2 votes, average: 5.00 out of 5)
About the Author

Sustainable Pulse is a global news outlet covering sustainable agriculture, GMOs and pesticides.

Leave A Response